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Glaucoma Guide by your Somerset Eye Doctor

Your Optometrist in Somerset Talks About Glaucoma

If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, that means your eye doctor has discovered the fluid pressure inside your eye is too high. Unless elevated intraocular pressure is brought down, glaucoma may damage the ability of the optic nerve to send light images transmitted by the retina to the brain. An asymptomatic and progressive eye disease, glaucoma impairs vision gradually, sometimes taking years before noticeable symptoms occur.  Early detection of glaucoma by your Somerset optometrist is the best treatment this particular eye disease.

Open-angle Glaucoma

More commonly diagnosed than other types of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma indicates the eye cannot drain fluid quickly enough to prevent increasing intraocular pressure.  Untreated open-angle glaucoma can damage the optic nerve severely enough to produce blank spots in your field of vision. As open-angle glaucoma progresses, dark or blank spots will enlarge and possibly interfere with most of your vision.

Narrow-angle Glaucoma

If the iris is large enough to encroach the drainage angle within in the eye, it may block the drainage angle and increase eye pressure. An attack of narrow-angle glaucoma requires immediate treatment by your Franklin Township eye doctor.

Secondary Glaucoma

If you have been on steroid therapy for an extended period, have had previous eye injuries or have eye tumors not yet detected, you may be diagnosed with secondary glaucoma. This kind of glaucoma is the result of a condition not related to high intraocular pressure. Secondary glaucoma subtypes include neovascular, pigmentary and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.

Glaucoma Treatments

Your optometrist in Somerset may prescribe medicated eye drops containing beta blockers, prostaglandin analogs and alpha agonists that can reduce intraocular pressure and stop optic nerve damage. Glaucoma eye drops may also decrease fluid produced by the eye or help fluids flow through the drainage angle more easily.

Surgery for Glaucoma

In some cases, surgery is necessary to create a drainage hole in the eye to reduce pressure. Glaucoma laser surgery is a successful and minimally invasive method for relieving pressure that can be performed repeatedly without risk to vision or eye health.

Call Your Somerset Eye Doctor Today!

To learn more about glaucoma or to schedule an appointment with your Somerset eye doctor, call Franklin Family Eyecare today at 732-412-7328. We also serve residents living in Bound Brook, Hillsborough, and surrounding areas.

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