Symptoms And Treatment Of Cataracts with our Somerset Optometrist
The lens of your eye is normally clear; however, cataracts occur when the lens becomes cloudy. In most cases, cataracts occur gradually. By the age of 80, most people will either have developed a cataract or already have had cataract surgery. With regularly schedule eye exams at Franklin Family Eyecare, your Somerset optometrist can diagnose and help treat cataracts.
Symptoms of Cataracts
The symptoms of cataracts often come on gradually. These include:
- Cloudy vision - looks like you are looking out a dirty window
- Blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Bright colors appear faded or yellow
- Difficult seeing at night
What Causes Cataracts?
As you age, protein can build up on the lens of the eye. When the protein clumps together, it can create a small could over the lens. Cataracts can be caused by smoking, diabetes, and changes in the lens that occur naturally over time. Studies have also shown that prolonged exposure to the sun's UV rays can also be a contributing factor.
How Are Cataracts Diagnosed?
During your annual eye exam, your optometrist will perform a visual acuity test, a dilated eye exam, and they will check the pressure in your eyes. These tests will help the optometrist determine if you have cataracts. If you are diagnosed, your eye doctor will go over your treatment options.
Treatment For Cataracts
If your eye doctor determines that you are suffering from cataracts, there are a few treatments available. In the early stages, a new eyeglass prescription, magnifying lenses, and a pair of anti-glare sunglasses can help. If the condition is severe, surgery may be required.
What Does Cataract Surgery Entail?
Before your surgery is scheduled, your doctor will determine the correct type of intraocular lens. During the surgery, you will remain awake, but the nerves in your eye will be numbed using anesthetic so you won't feel anything. The clouded lens will be replaced with an artificial one.
You will be able to go home the same day as the surgery; however, you will need someone to drive you home because your vision will be impaired. Before you leave, you will be given dark sunglasses to help you deal with bright lights. Also, drops are necessary for the first two weeks after your surgery to prevent infection and to promote healing. You will need to see your doctor for a follow-up visit and after about 6 weeks, will need an eye exam to determine your new eyeglass prescription.
Contact Franklin Family Eyecare in Somerset for Cataracts Diagnosis
If you are having vision problems and suspect that you have cataracts, call Franklin Family Eyecare. Call (732) 412-7328 to schedule an appointment with our optometrist in Somerset.