Frequently Asked Glaucoma Questions From Our Somerset, Hillsborough and Bound Brook Patients
Our eye doctor at Franklin Family Eyecare, Dr. Ngong-Tawe, is always happy to address any concerns from our patients in Somerset, Hillsborough and Bound Brook -- and glaucoma certainly ranks as a major concern. Whether you're worried about a recent glaucoma diagnosis or simply puzzled about this sight-stealing eye condition, we're ready to shed welcome light on the subject. Here are some frequently asked questions about glaucoma and its treatment.
- What is glaucoma? Glaucoma is actually a "family" of conditions that cause permanent damage to the optic nerve in the eye. While contributing factors may include genetics, eye injuries, poor circulation or underlying disease, the main mechanism of damage is elevated fluid pressure within the eye?
- What causes elevated pressure in the eye? The eye constantly manufactures a fluid called the aqueous humor, shunting off excess fluid through a drainage mesh at the front of the eye. When this drainage system isn't working properly, the aqueous humor may accumulate, raising intraocular pressure.
- What are the effects of high intraocular pressure? The extra pressure tends to damage the delicate fibers that make up the optic nerve. Since the optic nerve is the one-and-only conduit of visual signals to the brain, you may begin to lose peripheral vision or develop blank spots in your vision. This damage can eventually cause total blindness if untreated.
- What is open-angle glaucoma? Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease, in which the drainage mesh becomes inefficient. It can take years for open-angle glaucoma to cause vision loss, even though permanent damage is being done.
- What is angle-closure glaucoma? Angle-closure glaucoma is a relatively uncommon form of the disease in which the eye's drainage angle becomes completely closed off. This can cause eye pressure to rise sharply and suddenly, an emergency situation that produces rapid vision loss as well as eye pain, headaches, and nausea.
- How does your Somerset optometrist diagnose glaucoma? Our Somerset optometrist employs multiple diagnostic techniques to look for glaucoma during a comprehensive eye exam. Vision testing can reveal limitations possibly produced by glaucoma, for instance, while tonometry gives us a reading of your eye pressure levels. By viewing the eye's interior via pupil dilation, our eye doctor can even view optic nerve damage directly.
- What kinds of glaucoma treatment in Somerset can you provide? Our glaucoma treatment in Somerset typically begins with medicated eye drops to help improve drainage and/or limit fluid production. Oral drugs can also be given if a stronger effect is needed. In more stubborn cases, we can refer you to an eye surgeon for quick, painless procedures to enhance drainage.
Get All the Answers From Our Optometrist in Somerset
The perfect way to get more answers about glaucoma (while also protecting your eyesight against it) is by scheduling a comprehensive eye exam and consultation at Franklin Family Eyecare. Call 732-412-7328 for an appointment with our optometrist in Somerset!